Hydraulic Conductivity and Vertical Leakage in the Clay - Silt Layer of the Nile Alluvium in Egypt
Data were collected from three sites in Egypt's Nile Valley and Delta to determine saturated hydraulic conductivity in the clay-silt water table aquifer and vertical leakage to the underlying Nile River sands. Auger hole test results gave saturated horizontal hydraulic conductivities in the sites. Several methods were used to determine vertical leakage: Darcy's law, water table decline, water budget, pumping test, and analytical solution. The results indicate poor natural drainage characteristics in the clay-silt layer which contribute to the high water table conditions observed throughout Egypt.