USAID country Profile: Property Rights and Resource Governance: Mongolia
Report on property rights and resource governance in Mongolia which details the implications on water, irrigation, the economy, agriculture, gender and other facets. In spite of its progressive legal framework for natural resource protection, Mongolia's institutional capacity for enforcement is weak. As a result, irrigation on arable land has decreased, water quality in rural areas is poor, and illegal logging is rampant. The mining sector is growing rapidly, with licenses for mining and mineral exploration covering 43% of Mongolia's territory. At the same time, the growth of mining is responsible for an increasing number of conflicts over land and water resources, water pollution, and land degradation.